National Records of Scotland (NRS) have published statistics from Scotland's Census 2011 on the workplace population and daytime population of council areas. You can down load these tables now from the Data Warehouse and further information on this can be found on the Alternative Populations page
The main population base for standard statistical outputs from Scotland's Census 2011 is the usually resident population, that is on the basis of where people usually live. However, the information collected in the census on travel to work/study also enables statistics to be produced for two alternative population bases: workplace population and daytime population.
The workplace population is an estimate of the population working in an area. It includes usual residents aged 16 to 74 whose main place of work is in the area. People who work mainly at or from home, or who do not have a fixed place of work, are included in the area of their usual residence.
The daytime population is an estimate of the population of an area during the working day. It includes everybody who works or studies in the area, wherever they usually live, and all respondents who live in the area but do not work or study. People who work or study mainly at or from home, or who do not have a fixed place of work or study, are included in the area containing their home address. The daytime population will include shift and night workers such as hospital staff and security guards.